Four traditional land ownership system in Nigeria include:

Communal land tenure system
By inheritance
By leasehold
By purchase
Communal land tenure system: this is the system where land belongs to a community.
Disadvantage: non-members of the community cannot have access to the land
By inheritance: this involves a situation where the land is inherited from one’s parent or from generation to generation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Disadvantage: it leads to land fragmentation (i.e small land)
By leasehold: this involves the payment of certain fee for land use over a stated period.                                                                         
Disadvage: the farmer cannot develop the land beyond the lease agreement.
By purchase: this involves the acquisition of land for a fee.                                                                                                                                                                   Disadvantage: the true ownership of the land is sometimes difficult to determine.