State the laws of Mendel

Mendel’s first law (the law of segregation) states that one paired alleles segregate from each other when the homologous chromosomes on which they reside separate during meiosis. Each gamete receives one of the two alleles.

Mendel’s second law (the law of independent assortment) states that genes are responsible for the development of individual character and that they are independently transmitted from one generation to another without undergoing any alteration.

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