Algal pigments; what are algal pigments

– they are used for the manufacture of food/photosynthesis
– a major taxonomic character in algae
– vary in range and distribution
– In cyanophyta (blue-green): chlorophyll-a, carotene, myxoxanthophyll and myxoxanthin, phycocyania
– in chlorophyta (green): chlorophyll-a, carotenes and xanthophylls
– In xanthophyta (yellow-green): chlorophyll-a, chlorophyll-c, carotenes
– in bacillariophyta (diatoms): chlorophyll, fucoxanthin, diatoxanthin, carotenes
– in phaeophyta (brown): chlorophyll-a and chlorophyll-c, carotene, fucoxanthin, violaxanthin and other xanthophylls
– in rhodophyta (red): chlorophyll-d, phycoerythrins, phycocyanins, teraxanthin, zeaxanthin
– Economically important as source of dyes, etc.

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