James exhorts us not to
show partiality. If we show partiality, we are transgressors. If for instance,
a well-dressed man and a shabily-dressed one come into an assembly and you
treat the well dressed man with credibility and respect to the poor man with contempt by ordering him to “stand
there” or “sit at my feet”, you have made distinction among yourselves and become
judges with evil thoughts. God has chosen the poor in the world to be rich in
faith and heirs ofthe kingdom which He has
promised to those who love Him. In your actions as Christians, if you fulfil
the royal law (love your neighbour), you do well. He who keeps all the laws but
transgresses in one is guilty of all. He who commands us not to commit adultery
also forbids murder. If you do not commit adultery, but you kill, you are a
transgressor of the law. Speak and act as those to be judged under the law of
liberty for mercy shall not be shown to anyone who has shown no mercy.
 

Effects of partiality include: 
  • It brings disunity among
    various groups, 
  • It promotes distrust and unhealthy rivalry, 
  • It does
    not foster sense of belonging, 
  • It encourages sycophancy and praise
    singing.