Nationalism is the love and emotional attachment that citizens have towards their country that make them fight for their political independence from foreign rule or domination. It is a state of not being religiously, ethnically or politically bias but representing the country not minding the religion, state or race that one comes from. Nationalism started in some countries of the world like Britain, Germany, France and Portugal were in control of the administration of some less advanced countries most especially in Africa. The need for self government and independence from the imperialist brought about nationalism in countries that experienced colonialism. Nigeria, for example was dominated and controlled by Britain before they granted Nigeria self government after much pressure and negotiations from the nationalist. Herbert Macaulay popularly referred to as father of Nigeria nationalism, Nnamdi Azikiwe called the Zik of Africa, Obafemi Awolowo, Ahmadu Bello, Tafawa Balewa, among others were those that pursues the independent of Nigeria. Other popular nationalist in Africa include Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Nelson Mandela if South Africa, Julius Nyerere of Tanzanian, Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia etc.

Characteristics of Nationalists

(I) They were selfless men and women, placing three nation above their desires.
(ii) They were very consistent, believing in any course they fought for.
(III) They were objective, neutral and non-selective.
(IV) They always stood for the unity of the country leaving no room for selfish matters.
(v) They were heroes and heroines.

Factors that Promoted Nationalist 

Some of the factors that promoted the spirit of nationalism in the people are as follows :

Discrimination. Advent of newspapers. Influence of powerful individualsCivilization. Political parties. The development Around the world.

Major Local and World Civic Problems

The major local and world civic problems include the following :
The perpetuation of some world leaders in power which always lead to violent overthrow of government thereby leading to civic wars and violent demonstrations. The despotic rule of some leaders depriving their citizens of their basic fundamental human right. Terrorism : This is the use of violence to achieve political arms leading to the death of innocent people and destruction of properties. Resources Control : The recurrent rift between the government and the people of the Niger/Delta region is a civic problem. Natural disasters like floods, land slides, earthquakes and tsunamis etc are constantly faced by countries around the world. Social problem like bilateral relationships between two nor more countries etc.