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Discuss the functions of modern legislature

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE OF THE PEOPLE:- 
The legislature acts as the house of those
elected to speak for and represent the people of a country.  

  • LAW MAKING: The primary function of the legislature is law
    making and this is done through legislative
    process, i.e. Laws are made to guide
    the affairs of government. 
  • FINANCIAL CONTROL: it has the duty of
    controlling and approving the proposed financial expenditure of
    the executive arm of government. 
  • POWER OF APPROVAL: The legislature has power
    to approve, adjust or reject appointment of senior public officers such as
    ministers, ambassadors,
    etc. 
  • AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION: It is the function of the
    legislature to amend the constitution whenever the need arises. 
  • POWERS OF INVESTIGATION: It has the power to set up probe panel to
    investigate the activities of any
    department of the government. This is to ascertain how monies approved by them are spent. 
  • RATIFICATION OF INTERNATIONAL TREATIES: The legislature has the
    power to approve all treaties or agreements entered into by
    the President or Prime minister with other countries. 
  • POWER OF IMPEACHMENT: It has the power to
    remove or impeach the president when he is no more following the
    tenets of the constitution which he swore to abide by and
    protect. 
  • JUDICIAL FUNCTIONS: In some countries, the legislature serves as
    the highest judicial authority or
    court of appeal, e.g. The House of Lords in Britain. The house of lords is upper legislature in
    Britain and also the highest court in the country. 
  • POWER OF DISSOLUTION: The legislature has the
    power to dissolve the parliament when it deem necessary or when its term
    expires.

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