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Explain the various stages of passing a bill into law

  • FIRST
    READING:-
    This is the first stage of the bill. The bill
    is presented and it is necessary for the title of the bill to be read by the
    clerk of the House. At this stage, no debate on the bill, and copies of the bill will be given to members to study.
  •  SECOND READING: The bill is now presented, after.the members
    or minister introducing the bill moves that
    the bill be read the second time.
    At this stage discussion are made concerning the principles of the bill. The bill is debated upon and at
    the end a vote is taken on whether the bill should be read and
    sent to a committee. If the majority are in
    favour, the bill will move to the next stage.
  • THE COMMITTEE STATE: At this stage, if the principles of the bill
    are approved by the House at the second reading, it
    is referred to one of the committees for proper discussion, amendment and
    report.
  • THE REPORT STAGE: The committee’s report, stating the
    suggestions of the committee to improve the bill is
    presented and any member may move for amendments.
  •  THIRD
    READING
    : At this stage, only verbal amendments may be
    made here. Also, at this stage the bill is
    passed or rejected. A proper examination is done on the bill in order to
    improve on the actual drafting of the bill.
  • THE UPPER HOUSE: If the bill is passed, it is sent to the upper House where it will
    pass through similar processes if the bill
    originated from the lower House. Any
    area of amendment suggested by the upper house will be resolved at the joint sitting of both houses, i.e by a committee set up for the purpose.
  •  ASSENTS: The bill will then be presented to the
    President for his  signature or assent, after which a bill
    becomes a law.

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