Outline the causes and implications of the 1953 Kano riot in Nigeria

In May 1953, violence broke out in Kano between Northerners and Southerners. After four days of riotings (May 16 to 19) 37 people were killed (15 Northerners
and 21 Southerners) and 241 wounded.
The cause of this riot were.

  • The  Anthony  Enahoro   motion   in   the   House   of Representative in March 1953. In this motion Enahoro moved that Nigerian should become self governing by 1956. NPC members rejected this motion as self government in 1956 was not an official policy of the NPC and its legislators refused to support the motion.
  •  Subjection of Northern representatives to insults by
    Lagos crowds and bitter criticisms of the Southerners also led to the crisis. The Northerners were
    being tagged “Kolanut men”  “Yes   people”   and   imperialist   stooges   and appendages.
  •  The Eight – point programme moved in the Northern region was also a contributing factor.
  • The belief of Action Group and N.C. N.C. that Northern leaders were not representative of their people on the self government issue and their decision to send delegations to the North on the issue were the immediate cause of the Kano riots of 1953.

Read Also: Why the educated elite criticised the Policy of indirect rule

The implications of the Crisis were:

  • It led to the break down of the Macpherson
    constitution of 1951.
  • Lives and properties were destroyed.
  • It led to the postponement of National Self Government

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