On May 30, 1967, Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu
Ojukwu, Military Governor of Eastern
Nigeria, mandated by the consultative Assembly
of Eastern Nigeria declared an independent and Sovereign
State, called the Republic of Biafra. This secession of Eastern Nigeria from the Federation led to a bloody and costly Civil War
lasting thirty months (July 1967 to January 1970)
The positive
consequences of the Nigerian Civil War are:
 

  • It promoted the Unity of the
    Country as the N.Y.S.C programme was launched to
    inculcate the spirit of oneness in Nigerians.
  •  Programmes of reconstruction was launched to
    take care of the repairs of areas devastated by
    the wars.
  •  The Nigerian Civil War also led
    to creation of states by which national minorities were granted
    their own states and thus no longer feared domination by the majority groups.
  •  Also the fear of secession reduced because
    none of the component parts was strong enough
    to defy the centre.
The negative consequences of the Civil War are:

  • It led to destruction of lives and
    properties.
  •  It Jed to waste of economic resources.
  • It led to abandonment of properties.
  •  Reduction in the size of Nigerian army.