Political Socialization is defined as the
process of acquiring political beliefs, values, attitudes as well as
citizenship training that shapes a citizen’s political behaviour.


  • FAMILY UNIT: Transmission of
    knowledge about politics, authority and allocation of values probably start at
    home. The child’s knowledge and experience of political
    activities start at family unit.
  •  PEER GROUP: The group one moves
    with helps to dictate or at least influence one’s
    political emotion. 
  •  INSTITUTIONS OF LEARNING: Schools, Colleges and other educational institutions provide avenue for
    political talks, debates and discussions which are
    basic socialising agents.
  •  SOCIAL/RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS: Members of social or religious institutions
    like, social club, religious centres, associations
    etc. do engage in political arguments
    and discussions by which members become politically
    MEDIA: Radio or T.V, Newspapers etc. disseminate a lot of political news and also analyse political issues thereby
    socialising listeners, readers and
    viewers politically.
    PARTIES: They educate their members, people through
    their manifestos, campaign rallies etc. thereby
    stimulating people’s political awareness.
  •  PRESSURE GROUPS: Pressure groups equally educate their members
    and even the   public through conferences, seminars etc.
    especially in the   areas of political and civic rights