Bhendi planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Bhendi: is Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench; it belongs to the family Malvaceae

Varieties: MDU 1, Arka Anamika, Arka Abhay, Parbhani Kranti and CO 3 (hybrid).

Soil: It is adaptable to a wide range of soils from sandy loam to clayey loam.

Season and sowing: June - August and February.

Seed rate: 8.0 kg/ha
Apply FYM 10 kg, neem cake 1kg, super phosphate 100 g, furadon 10 g per square metre.
Seed treatment with Tricoderma viride 4 g/kg of seeds are again treated with 400 g of Azospirillum using starch as adhesive and dried in shade for 20 minutes. Sow three seeds per hill at 30 cm apart and then thin to 2 plants per hill after 10 days.

Preparation of field: Plough the land 4 - 5 times and form ridges and furrows at 45 cm apart.

Spacing: 45 x 30 cm

Irrigation: After germination, irrigate at weekly intervals.

Application of Fertilizers: Apply FYM 25 t/ha, N 20 kg, P 50 kg and K 30 kg/ha as basal and 20 kg N/ha 30 days after sowing. Apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria each at 2 kg/ha
mixed in 100 kg of FYM before sowing.
Foliar nutrition: 1 % urea (10 g/l) + 1% Muriate of Potash (10 g/l) on 30 and 45 days after planting.
For hybrids, foliar application of water soluble fertilizer 19-19-19 grade three times @ 0.5% at 10 days interval from 30 days after planting.

Weed control: Spray Oxyflourfen at 0.15 kg ai/ha or Fluchloralin at 1.0 kg ai/ha or Metolachlor at 0.75 kg a.i/ha as pre emergence application on third day after sowing. Herbicide application should be integrated with one hand weeding on 30 days after sowing.

Plant protection against Pests
Fruit borers: Integrated Pest management
Spray carbaryl 50 WP 2 g/lit. or endosulfan 35 EC 2 ml/lit. or monocrotophos 36 WSC 2 ml/ lit. combined with or neem seed Kernel extract 5 %.
1. Set up pheromone trap at 12/ha.
2. Collection and destruction of affected fruits.
3. Release of egg parasite Trichogramma at 1.0 lakh/ha.
4. Release of 1st instar larvae of green lace wing bug Chrysoperla carnea @ 10,000/ha.
5. Spray Bacillus thuringiensis 2 g/lit.
Leaf hopper: Monocrotophos 36 WSC 2 ml./lit. or dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit combined with neem seed kernel extract 5 %.
Nematode: Application of Carbofuran 3 G 1 kg a.i /ha or Phorate 10 G 1 kg a.i./ha and Neem cake 400 kg/ha at sowing in furrows along with fertilizers.

Protection against Diseases
Yellow vein mosaic virus: Spray monocrotophos 2 ml/lit to kill the vectors i.e., white flies.
Powdery mildew: Dust Sulphur 25 kg/ha or spray Dinocap 2 ml/lit or Tridemorph 0.5 ml/lit or Carbendazim 1 g/lit or Wettable sulphur 2 g/lit immediately after noticing the disease and repeat after 15 days or four sprays of Triademephon (0.5%) at 10 days interval from 30 days after sowing

Yield: 12 - 15 t/ha

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