Broad bean planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Broad beans is Vicia faba L; it belongs to the family Fabaceae

Varieties: Local, SRS 1, BR 1 and BR 2.
Soil: Thrives in almost all soils with suitable pH range is 6.5-7.5 in hills only. Requires cool climate.

Season and sowing: Sow the seeds during July - August. November - December at 25 kg/ha at 45 x 15 cm spacing.

Preparation of field: Plough the land to a fine tilth and level it and form beds.

Irrigation: Once in 5 days.

Application of fertilizers: Apply 25 t of FYM and 50 kg P and 25 kg K/ha as basal dose. 25 kg N and 25 kg of K/ha are applied between 20 - 25 days after sowing and application of remaining 25 kg of N is done between 40 - 45 days.

After cultivation: Earthing up is done on 45th day after sowing. As soon as the plants start flowering the top is pinched off which causes the pods to develop early.

Yield: 400 - 500 kg of Beans/ha in 10 - 12 months.

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