Clove planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Clove is Syzigium aromaticum;  it belongs to the family Myrtaceae

Varieties: Local.

Soil and climate: Humid tropical climate with an annual rainfall of 150 - 250 cm and a mean temperature range of 200C to 300C and elevation up to 1000 m are suitable. Deep rich loams with high humus content and lateritic soils are the best suited.

Season: June - December.
Slopes facing South and West should be avoided. North and North-Eastern slope is preferred.

Planting: Seeds are extracted from ripe fruits and sown immediately. The seeds germinate in five to six weeks. Two year old seedlings are planted in pits of 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm size filled with soil and FYM 10 kg/pit at a spacing of 6 m either way. Apply, 50 g Azospirillum before

Aftercultivation: Provide shade for seedlings. Mulch the basins with dried leaves. Weed the basins as and when necessary.
Banana can be grown to provide shade during the initial establishment. Small temporary pandal may provide partial shade during initial establishment.

Irrigation: Frequent watering is essential in the initial stages in the absence of rains. Irrigation should be given during summer months. Applying 8 litres of water either through drip or through basin during the months of January - May is beneficial.

Manuring: One year old plants can be applied with FYM 15 kg, N 20 g, P 20 g, K 60 g in two splits during June - July and September - October. Every year the dosage is correspondingly increased and a bearing tree of 7 years old may be applied with FYM 50 kg, N 300 g, P 300 g and K 960 g. 50 g in each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria to be applied one month after manuring.

Plant protection against Pests
Stem Borer: Smear the surface of the stem and branches with carbaryl 50 WP at 2 g/lit of water.
Pour quinalphos 25 EC 1 ml/lit in to the bore hole and plug it.
Leaf eating caterpillar: Spray endosulfan 35 EC 2 ml/lit.

Harvest: Bearing starts from sixth year onwards. The flower buds should be harvested when they are fully mature but before opening. The buds are harvested as clusters and separated and dried in the sun for five to seven days.

Yield: 2 - 3 kg dried buds/tree.

Post a Comment