Cluster beans planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Cluster beans is Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L; it is a member of family Fabaceae

Varieties: Pusa Mausami, Pusa Naubahar and Pusa Sadabahar.

Soil: Well drained sandy loam with pH range of 7.5-8.0 and warm climate. Tolerates salinity.

Season and sowing: June- July, October -November. Dibble the seeds on the sides of the ridges 15 cm apart.

Seed rate: 10 kg per ha.

Seed treatment: Treat the seeds with Rhizobial culture @ 600 g/ha using rice gruel as binder.
Dry the treated seeds in shade for 15 – 30 minutes before sowing.

Preparation of field: Plough the field to fine tilth and form ridges and furrows 45 cm apart.

Irrigation: Irrigate the field immediately after sowing then at weekly intervals.

Application of fertilizers: Apply FYM 25 t, Azospirillum 2 kg and Phosphobacteria 2 kg /ha, N 25, P 50 and K 25 kg/ha as basal and 25 kg N/ha 30 days after sowing.

Plant protection against Pests
Leaf hopper: Methyl demeton 25 EC 1 ml/lit or dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/lit.
Pod borer: Carbaryl 50 WP 2 g/lit; or endosulfan 35 EC 2 ml/lit

Diseases and protection
Leaf spot: Spray Mancozeb 2 g/lit.
Powdery mildew: Spray Wettable sulphur 2 g/lit or dust with Sulphur 25 kg/ha. Repeat it at 15 days interval.

Yield: 5 – 7 t/ha in 90 days

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