Cucumber planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Cucumber is Cucumis sativus L.; it belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae

Varieties: CO 1, Japanese Long Green, Straight Eight and Poinsettee.

Soil: Sandy loam rich in organic matter with good drainage and pH range from 6.5-7.5 . The crop requires a moderate warm temperature.

Preparation of field: Plough the field four times. Form long channels at 1.5 m apart.

Season and sowing: Sow the seeds during June or January to April at 2.5 kg/ha after treating with Trichoderma viride 4 g or Pseudomonas fluorescens 10 g/kg or carbendazim 2 g on one side of channel giving a spacing of 0.6 m between hills. Thin the seedlings to two per hill.

Irrigation: Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once in a week.
Application of fertilizers: Apply FYM 40 t/ha as basal and 35 kg of N/ha at 30 days aftersowing.

After cultivation: Hoe and weed twice or thrice.

Plant protection against Pests
Fruit fly
1. Collect the affected fruits and destroy.
2. The fly population is low in hot day conditions and it is peak in rainy season. Hence adjust the sowing time accordingly.
3. Expose the pupae by ploughing.
4. Use polythene bags, fish meal trap with 5 gm of wet fish meal and 1 g of dichlorvos in cotton, 50 traps are required per hectare. Fish meal and dichlorvos impregnated cotton are to be renewed once in 20 and 7 days respectively.
Do not use DDT, lindane 1.3% dust, copper and sulphur dust, as these are phytotoxic.

Yield: 8 – 10 t/ha in 80 to 90 days for salad.

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