Fenugreek planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Fenugreek is Trigonella foenum graecum L.; it is a member of family Leguminosae

Varieties: Co 1, Pusa Early Bunching and CO 2.

Soil: A rich well drained loamy soil is best suited.

Season: June - July and October  -November.

Seeds and Sowing: The field is prepared to a fine tilth, beds of 3.5 x 1.5 m are formed, and seeds are sown.

Seed treatment: Azospirillum 1.5 kg / ha for 12 kg of seeds.

Seed rate: 12 kg/ha.

Basal: FYM 20 - 25 t/ha and N, P, K at 30:25:40 kg/ha.
Top dressing: 20 kg of N at 30 days after sowing.

Irrigation: Five first irrigation immediately after sowing, second on the third day and subsequently at 7 - 10 days intervals.

Aftercultivation: Plants are thinned at 20 - 25 days after sowing and the thinned seedlings are used as greens. One pinching at a height of about 4" will encourage branching. Pre-emergence
spray of Fluchloralin 700 ml in 500 lit water/ha and subsequent weeding are done whenever necessary.

Plant protection against Diseases
Root rot: Soil application of Neem cake @ 150 kg/ha and Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 4g/kg or drenching with Carbendazim 0.5 g/l or Copper oxychloride 2 g/litre.

Crop duration and harvest
20 - 25 days for greens.
90 - 100 days for grains.

The yield of green is : 4000 - 5000 kg/ha.
Grains : 500 - 700 kg/ha.

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