medicinal solanum planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Medicinal solanum is Solanum khasianum Clarke.;  it belongs to the family Solanaceae. It is a medicinal plant 

Varieties: RRL-20-2, RRL-SL-6, Glaxo, Arka Sanjivini.

Soil and climate: Well drained loamy soils are suitable. Grows well under moderate climatic conditions.

Seeds and planting: Being a hardy plant, even land with medium fertility can give a good stand.
Propagated through seedlings.
Seed rate: 400 g/ha. Requires a resting period of one month and sowing should not be delayed further. Seedlings are raised in nursery and transplanted at six leaf stage at a spacing of 50 x 50
cm during June - July. Drench the seedlings with Copper oxy chloride 2.5 gm/lit of water to prevent damping off disease in Nursery.

Irrigation: Irrigation should be given once in a week in the first month and later reduced to once in a fortnight.

Manuring
Basal: Apply FYM 10 t/ha. N, P and K at 25, 40 and 40 kg/ha respectively.
Top dressing: 25 kg of N at second month after planting.
Aftercultivation: First weeding is done after 3 - 4 weeks and second weeding at 2 – 3 months.
Harvest: After transplanting, the crop takes six months for harvest. The berries after harvest are dried.

Yield
Fresh berries : 700 - 800 kg/ha
Solasodine content : 2.0 to 2.5 %

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