Nerium planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Nerium is Nerium indicum Mill.; it belongs to the family  Apocynaceae

Varieties: Single Rose, Single White, Single Red and Double Types.

Soil: Red lateritic or black or loamy soils with adequate drainage.

Propagation and planting: Hard or semi hard woodcuttings of 60 cm length are used; their ends are buried inside the soil forming an arch. Rooted cuttings can also be planted in the normal manner during June to July in 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm pits dug at 2 x 2 m spacing and filled with FYM, red earth and top soil.

Aftercultivation: The plants are irrigated as and when required and manured with 10 t FYM/ha during January and again in August. No chemical fertilizers are normally applied.
Plant protection against Pests and diseases
No serious pests or diseases affect this crop.
Leaf Caterpillar: Spray endosulfan 35 EC 1 ml/lit or phosalone 35 EC 1 ml/lit or monocrotophos 2 ml/lit.

Flowering season: Throughout the year.
Peak flowering between April to August.

Harvest: Flowering begins from the 4th month after planting.

Yield: 100 - 125 kg of flowers/ha/day

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