pepper planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of pepper is Capsicum so (Sweet pepper / Bell pepper), it is  a member of the family Solanaceae

Varieties: Arka Basant, Arka Gaurav, Arka Mohini, Green Gold, Bharath.

Soil: Well drained loamy soil rich in organic matter.

Seasons of sowing: September - February

Seed rate: 1.250 kg/ha

Nursery area: 3 cents/ha
Treat the seeds with 2.5 g of Bavistin and sow in lines across the bed at a spacing of 2.5 cm and then covered with top soil and then paddy straw. Watering with rose can has to be done daily. On 20th day of sowing 300g of furadan 3G granules have to be applied in between the seedling lines across the bed stir the soil and then the beds are irrigated.

Preparation of field: Plough the field to a fine tilth. Form ridges and furrows 45 or 60 cm apart. 
Transplant 40-45 days old seedlings at 30 cm spacing.

Irrigation: Irrigation at weekly or 10 days interval.

Application of fertilizers: Apply FYM 25 t/ha 40:60:30 kg NPK/ha as basal and 40 kg N/ha each on 30, 60 and 90 days of planting.

Weed control: On 30th day, one hoeing and weeding and the plants are earthed up.

Growth regulator: Spray 1.25 ppm triacontanol (10 lit. of water) on 20th, 40th, 60th and 80th day after transplanting. Spray NAA 50 ppm (1 ml planofix /4.5 lit. of water) on 60 and 90 days after planting.

Plant protection against Pests
Nematodes and Sucking pests: Apply carbofuran 10-12 kg/ha at 15 days after transplanting followed by dimethoate @ 1ml/lit. at 25 days interval.
Aphids and Thrips: monocrotophos @ 1.5 ml /lit for control aphids. Neem oil 1% or neem cake extract 5% to control aphids and thrips. For white aphids acephate 1 kg/ha.

Diseases and protection
Powdery mildew: Wettable sulphur @ 2g/lit
Dieback and fruit rot: Mancozeb @ 2g/lit.

Harvest and yield
Fully matured green fruits should be harvested before ripening.

Yield: 15 tonnes/ha in 150-160 days.

Post a Comment