Rose flower planting processes and production techniques

The botanical name of Rose is Rosa sp; it's a commercial flower of the family Rosaceae
Varieties: Edward Rose and Andhra Red Rose.

Soil and climate: Well-drained sandy loam is suitable. Can be grown in the plains of Tamil Nadu.

Propagation and planting: Cuttings with 2-3 buds are dipped in IBA or IAA @ 500 ppm. Pits of 45 cm x 45 cm x 45 cm are dug at 2.0 x 1.0 m spacing and 10 kg FYM is added to each pit before planting. Lindane 1.3% 20 g per pit is added to prevent attack by white ants.

Irrigation: Once in 2 days until plants establish and once a week thereafter.

Manuring: After pruning in October and again in July the plants are manured with FYM 10 kg and 6:12:12 g of NPK per plant.

Pruning: The best time of pruning is the period when the activity of rose plant is least and the plant is dormant to near dormant stage. Pruning time will depend on climatic conditions of the particular region. Cutting back the vigorous past season shoots to half the length. All the weak, diseased, criss-crossing and unproductive shoots are removed. The cut ends should be protected with Bordeaux or Copper oxychloride + Carbaryl 50 WP.

Plant protection from Pests

Rose chaffer beetle: Hand pick Cetonid beetles and destroy during day. Spray endosulfan 35 EC 2 ml/lit.
Setup light to attract Holotrichia and Anomala spp.
Red scale: Rub off the scales with cotton soaked in kerosene or diesel. Cut and burn the affected branches. Spray malathion 50 EC 2 ml/lit at the time of pruning and again during March - April or Apply carbofuran 3G 5 g/plant or spray fish oil rosin soap 25 g/lit or endosulfan 35 EC 2 ml/lit.
Mealy bug: Spray monocrotophos 2 ml/lit or methyl parathion 2 ml/lit.
Flower caterpillar
Helicoverpa armigera: Spray Ha NPV 1.5 x 1012 PIB/ha.
Spodoptera litura: Spray Sl NPV 1.5 x 1012 PIB/ha.
Bud worm: Spray monocrotophos 36 WSC 2 ml/lit at fortnightly interval during flowering Thrips, aphids and leaf hoppers
Spray methyl demeton 25 EC 2 ml/lit of water or carbofuran 3G 5 g/plant. Spray Neem oil 3 % or phosalone 35 EC 2 ml/lit.

Protection from Diseases

Black spot disease (Diplocarpon rosae)
Spray Carbendazim 1 g/lit twice at fortnightly intervals.
Powdery mildew
Spray Carbendazim 1 g/lit or Wettable sulphur at 2 g/lit.
Crop duration
The plants will start flowering in the first year and will give economic yield from the second year
Season of flowering and harvesting: Flowering will commence 45 days after pruning. Fully
opened flowers are picked early in the morning.
Yield: About 10 lakh flowers/ha/year.

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