Amla planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Amla is Phyllanthus emblica; it belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae

Varieties: Banarasi, NA 7, Krishna, Kanchan, Chakaiya, BSR 1.

Soil and climate: Amla is a subtropical plant and prefers dry climate. Hardy plant it can be grown in variable soil conditions. Tolerates salinity and alkalinity.

Planting material: Seedlings, Grafts, Buddings

Planting: Plant during July-August with a spacing of 6 x 6 m in pits of 1x1m or 1.25 x 1.25m.

Irrigation: Irrigate the plants initially for establishment. No irrigation is required during rainy and winter season. Drip irrigation is appropriate with a water saving of 40-45%.

Manures and fertilizers (per plant/year)
Manuring to be given immediately after pruning.

Training and pruning: The main branches should be allowed to appear at a height of 0.75-1 m above the ground level. Plants should be trained to modified central leader system. Two to four branches with wide crotch angle, appearing in the opposite directions should be encouraged in early years.
During March – April prune and thin the crowded branches to provide maximum fruit bearing area in the tree.

Plant protection against Pest
Gall caterpillar: Young caterpillars bore into the apical portion of the shoot during rainy season and make tunnel. Due to this, apical regrowth is checked, side shoots develop below the gall and subsequent growth in following season is greatly hampered. Cut the infected apices and
spray systemic insecticide like dimethoate 0.03 % prophylatically.
Bark eating caterpillar: Damages the stem and branches of grown up trees by eating bark.
Affected portion should be cleared and a few drops of kerosene should be applied in holes to keep this in control.

Protection against Disease
Rust: Rust appear as circular reddish solitary or gregarious pustules on leaves and also on fruits. Spray 0.2 per cent mancozeb at an interval of 7 to 28 days during July to September

Yield: 100 kg/tree annually

Post a Comment