Common Names

Artichoke, Globe

Botanical Name

Cynara scolymus



Medicinal Uses

Cardiovascular, Cholesterol, Digestion, IBS, Kidney, Liver, Nutrition.


Bitter, Cordial, Digestive, Diuretic, Hepatic.

Parts Used

Flower heads as vegetable, dried leaves medicinal


A bitter principle (cynarin and sesquiterpene lactones), flavonoids including scolymoside, inulin, cynaropictin and several enzymes, taraxasterol, sugars, and a volatile oil.


It grows best in moist, sandy environments with full exposure to the sun. Artichoke was actually thought to have been brought over from Europe. It is now cultivated all over the world including the Mediterranean, France, Italy, and Spain.

Side Effects

Don't use artichoke leaf if you have gallstones, safety data for pregnant or nursing women has not been established.

How to Prepare

Powdered herb, teas, capsules and extracts