Tamarind planting procedures and production techniques

The botanical name of Tamarind is Tamarindus indicus L.; it belongs to the family Caesalpiniaceae

Varieties: PKM 1, Urigam, Hasanur and Tumkur.

Season: June - December.

Spacing: 8-10m x 8-10m.

Planting: The grafts should be planted in the pits of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m filled with FYM and top soil.
Add 50 g of Lindane 1.3% dust in the pit. Immediately after planting, support the graft with stakes.

Irrigation: Regular watering should be given till the plants establish well in the field.

Fertilizers: It is a dryland crop and generally not manured. Responds to organic manure.

Aftercultivation
Remove the rootstock sprouts.
Remove the dried and diseased parts
Intercrops may be raised in the alley spaces upto four years.

Plant protection against Pests
Leaf caterpillar (Achaea janata): Spray endosulfan 35 EC 2 ml/lit or  monocrotophos 36 WSC 2 ml/lit.
Storage beetle (Pachymeres gonagra): Spray endosulfan 35 EC 1 ml/lit at the time of fruiting season.

Protection against Diseases
Powdery mildew: Spray Dinocap 1 g/lit.

Yield: Pods are harvested in March-April every year. 150 - 200 kg/tree/year

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