SIMPLE PLURALITY SYSTEM:

This
is an electoral system in which the candidate with the highest number of vole
even though he may not have secured the majority
of the election. It is also called the first past the
post system. It is common in the common wealth countries and
united states of America for example there are four candidate with the following scores with 60,000 vote’s. Candidates: A. 15,000 B.14,000 C.13,000 D. 12,000. Candidate A is declared
elected because he has the plurality of votes.

 THE REPEATED BALLOT: 

This is an
electoral system in which voter votes continuously
with intervals for discussion and negotiations until a winner emerges. A typical example is when a new pope is to be elected by a body of cardinals. The system is used in nominating the American candidates at the party’s convention or primary.

THE SECOND BALLOT:

This is an
electoral system in which the two candidates who secured the highest number of votes are made to face the electorate at
a later date. Voters who supported the less successful
candidates are able to switch their support to either of the
two leading candidates until a candidates secures the majority
votes and wins. It is also know as run off-election.

THE ALTERNATIVE VOTE OR SYSTEM:

In this system, each voter is given the permission to
indicate his choice of candidates in order of preference i.e first second and
third. If there is no absolute majority, the candidate
who score least votes can be dropped and his vote
distributed to other
candidates according to the second preference of the voter.