What factors led to the increasing popularity of the presidential system of government in West Africa?

The
increasing popularity of the presidential system of government in
Africa is due to the following reasons. 
  • The presidential
    system has a fixed tenure of office for political
    holders and this ensures stability of executive and the political system in general.
  •  Promptness
    of action and initiative in administration since the president has executive
    powers derived from the people and from parliament.
  •  Selection
    of professional experts to ministerial departments based on
    merit and professional expertise and less of political
    considerations.
  •  The
    system makes it possible for responsibility for what is done or left undone to be easily located in one man rather than a
    group of men for he can be seen receiving all the glory
    and the above on account of his work. 
  • Decision
    are made faster because it is easier for a single man to make up his own decisions than a group of men.
  •  It is easy
    to lay blames and hold a specific person responsible for what
    is done.
  •  Since
    the executive is headed by a single person, all efforts are
    geared towards a common goal rather than plurality of goals. 
  • It
    creates a more responsible and more dynamic leadership.
  •  In
    addition, the system allows for division of labour which increases
    efficiency in the management of the affairs of the nation. 
  • Enough time for the
    ministers because they have enough time to
    attend to their duties because they only belong to the executive
    arm of government. 
  • It
    prevents unnecessary conflicts which often arise in a parliamentary
    system. In presidential system powers of head of government and head of state are fused and
    exercised by the executive president.
  •  The
    desire by West African political leaders to experiment a new system led to
    the adoption of presidential system of government.

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