Compare the Judicial system of the Pre-Colonial Hausa/Fulani society with that of the Igbo society

The Judicial system of the Pre-Coloniai
Hausa/Fulani society was based on the sharia, a body
of the rules dealing with civil and criminal matters based
on the holy Koran. Offences were divided into minor and serious offences. Minor
offences include marriage and divorce,
custody of children, inheritance, debt, slander etc.
Minor offences are tried by Alkali, a trained
Judge who administered the sharia law. Serious offences such as murder, theft
homicide, witchcraft etc. are tried in the
Emir’s Court. The Emir had the final say
in judicial matters. Village heads also settle minor disputes and breaches of the Emir’s order.
On the other hand, the Igbo Judicial system was dif that
of Hausa / Fulani Judiciary system.
In Igboland, the family settle minor disputes
within level. The final adjudication of
cases was done by the deities.The Age-grades settled minor disputes among
The Ala (earth goddess) play great role in
judicial fun examples offences such as
homicide, murder and birth of abnormal children are crimes against the Ala. The chief also takes part in Judicial settlement.
The whole village may constitute itself into
a court for the purpose of settling disputes.

Finally, the Dibie (native doctor) could
also settle disputes among the people.

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