A

Proportional, Representation is a system which ensures the total number

of votes which a party scores is calculated proportion to the total number of

votes cast. This ensures tr each party is represented in the legislature.

Proportional, Representation is a system which ensures the total number

of votes which a party scores is calculated proportion to the total number of

votes cast. This ensures tr each party is represented in the legislature.

ILLUSTRATION:-For example, take

the figures below as the results of an election in which three parties

participated, assuming that there are

the figures below as the results of an election in which three parties

participated, assuming that there are

*120.*seats in the legislature.% of votes | No. of seats allocated | |

Party A 65,000 Party B 20,000 Party C 1 5,000 | votes 65 votes 20 votes 15 | 78 24 18 |

TOTAL No. of votes 100,000 | 100% | 120 |

Each party is

allocated seats in the legislature according to percentage votes.

**MERITS OF PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION**

1.

*PROPORTIONAL*

REPRESENTATION:-REPRESENTATION:-

There is proper

consideration of each vote cast, making the reality of the notion of ‘one man; one vote’ ‘one

value.

consideration of each vote cast, making the reality of the notion of ‘one man; one vote’ ‘one

value.

2.

*IT*

IS DEMOCRATIC:-IS DEMOCRATIC:-

The system makes

for a true democracy. They are involved i the decision making process

for a true democracy. They are involved i the decision making process

3. EQUAL WEIGHTS:- |

The system allows

all seats to be given equal weights.

all seats to be given equal weights.

*4. IT INCREASES VOTERSCHOICE:-* The choice of the

voters are widened, especially in a multi-member constituency.

*5. WIDER CONSULTATION:*

It reflects the views of all areas,

groups. Through this a truly representative

government is put in place.

groups. Through this a truly representative

government is put in place.

6 . UPHOLD FREEDOM OFProportionalEXPRESSION: representation also allows free expression of individual opinion. |

**DEMERITS OF PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION.**

1.

*WEAK GOVERNMENT:-*Since each state

or party is represented according to its population, a weak government may be

produced.

or party is represented according to its population, a weak government may be

produced.

2.

*FALSE ASSUMPTION:-*The system is based on a wrong

assumption.

assumption.

3.

*COMPLEX ELECTORAL SYSTEM:-*It increases the

complexity of the electoral system.

complexity of the electoral system.

*4. EMERGENCE OF SPLINTER*

GROUPS:-

GROUPS:-

*– :*many of these group may emerge in the system.

*5. REDUCES PARTY DISCIPLINE:-* This is due to the fact that representatives

are representing *the *interest

of the electorates. So, in most cases, they tend — disregard party discipline in issues about the electorate. Party

discipline is highly desirable to give order to government.

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